As a rule, broccoli can take between 50 and 100 days to fully mature after planting. Harvest broccoli in the morning before it heats up when the buds of the head are firm and tight, just before the heads flower. To learn how to store your harvested broccoli, read on! Harvest broccoli when the heads are green and firm and before the florets have begun to open. Growing broccoli in using a hydroponic nft (nutrient film technique) is the same as growing any other leafy crop in this system. References. Harvest broccoli when the buds are still tightly closed, and the broccoli head measures about 6 to 12 inches across, notes Utah State University Extension. While each grower has his own methods when it comes to harvesting, the most important thing you must remember is to use a sharp knife or cutter. If you grow broccoli in a backyard garden and are able to keep it growing well throughout the summer, maybe now you are seeing broccoli flowers appear one by one. Generally 2-3 times, depending on how big you allow the florets to grow each time. Additionally, growing broccoli is not difficult as long as you follow a few simple broccoli growing tips. It is part of the cole crop family (Brassica oleracea), which also includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and collard greens. When your broccoli head is ready to harvest, use a sharp knife and cut the head of the broccoli off the plant. When it’s time to harvest your broccoli, roughly 2-4 months after planting, first check to see if the plant is ready. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that does best when you plant it in the spring or fall. It is highly nutritious and packed with antioxidants, as well as iron, calcium, potassium, and vitamins C, K, and A. Color – When looking for signs of when to pick broccoli, pay close attention to the color of the florets. This article has been viewed 11,573 times. Simply cut them off as they become ready. If you’ve been growing Purple Sprouting Broccoli for the first time this summer, then it might be ready to harvest, or it will be over the next few weeks. If you lightly squeeze the head, it should feel tight as there should be very little space between the florets. Clip these in the same way you harvest the main head, ensuring you cut the stalks at an angle and leave a couple of inches of stalk at the bottom. Broccoli also strongly prefers cool growing conditions – generally below 80 F. They usually make good fall crops, when they can mature in cooler weather. Two smaller, but more tender heads will grow in its place. It is best to harvest broccoli in the morning before the ground and broccoli plants heat up. Harvesting broccoli is simple. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 11,573 times. How many times can you harvest broccoli? If harvesting broccoli plants in midsummer is desired, it’s best to start broccoli indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the … Once it is harvested the side shoots will start to grow. Most broccoli heads will be between 4″ and 7″ when ready to harvest, but this can vary greatly depending on the growing climate and season. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Plan to harvest your broccoli 2-4 months after planting. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Don’t allow it to go to flower. Harvest when the heads look ready to eat. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that harvests best in most climates during the spring or fall. They should be a deep green. If you were able to baby your broccoli through the hot weather and kept it from bolting, you are now looking at several well formed heads of broccoli. Broccoli grows relatively slowly in the cooler months and is usually ready for harvest in 16 – 20 weeks. When your broccoli is ready to harvest, use a knife or pruners to cut off the main stalk. In case of broccoli grown from transplants, it will be ready in 55-80 days for harvest. Basically, you’ll be able to harvest broccoli over the course of about 3 months. Let’s say you have carefully monitored your plants through the season, watching for pests and disease, weeding, and taking measures to … Feel for firmness, and harvest before the buds loosen. Removing this central head will encourage smaller side shoots to form. Growing and harvesting broccoli is one of the more rewarding moments in the vegetable garden. If you live in a colder climate, plant your broccoli in the spring so you can pick in the early to late summertime. Usually broccoli heads will be around 10cm to 15cm but that can also depend on the variety. It’s not actually the harvesting part that is difficult, a sharp knife will do the trick, it’s the when that I find challenging. Harvest the broccoli immediately if this happens. You may be asking yourself when to pick broccoli and what are the signs that broccoli is ready to harvest? You’ll find smaller florets sprouting throughout the plant. It is important that you have the appropriate knowledge and tools so you'll be prepared to pick your broccoli as soon as it's ready! Proper broccoli planting and harvesting can put this tasty and nutritious vegetable on your table straight out of your garden. They’re a prolific, crowd-pleasing addition to any vegetable garden—with side shoots that continue sprouting throughout the season, even after the harvest of the central head or crown. Harvest side shoots when they reach their ideal color and firmness. The pods should not yet be brittle or pop open when touched. Consult your seed packet instructions for an estimate of how long it will take to mature and the predicted size of your broccoli head. 60-80 days from plants. The upper leaves of broccoli are also tender and delicious, softer and sweeter than kale, if you cut the midribs out. Monitor the temperature as hot spells for more than 7 days can cause your plant to bolt and flower quickly, which is not ideal for harvesting. Don’t be disappointed if your broccoli heads are smaller than what you see in the supermarket as those are grown in highly controlled environments. Start with the main stalk – this is the one that is ready first. Harvesting Broccoli. Harvest the main broccoli head when it stops growing. Most people are interested in the florets. When ready to harvest, the main head is tight and compact, and the broccoli florets a deep green color. Harvesting Broccoli. Harvest the head of broccoli from the plant. The color should be deep green. It requires only a sharp knife or a sharp pair of snips to turn your plants into a meal. Last Updated: July 28, 2020 Now it’s time to harvest the broccoli. Harvest your broccoli immediately if there are any signs of flowers or yellowing. Size is an indicator, but be sure to look at the other signs as well. Use the same technique to harvest these: touch and sight. More on growing broccoli. Sprouting broccoli has a different growth habit than its cousin. Broccoli has had a resurgence in popularity – for its high vitamin content and anti-cancer agents. Broccoli is ready to harvest 50 to 90 days after transplanting, depending on the variety. When you have grown broccoli from the seeds then they will be ready to harvest in 100-150 days. When to Harvest Broccoli. Discover these tips for how and when to harvest broccoli… Knowing the right time to harvest broccoli is important. To harvest the broccoli… When to Harvest Broccoli. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Broccoli is easy to grow and packed full of nutrition. To learn how to store your harvested broccoli, read on! Hello, I grew brocolli for the first time this year. [1] X Research source Harvest broccoli when the heads are green and firm and before the florets have begun to open. The key to harvesting your crop is knowing the right time to pick the heads. Here is what you need to know about growing broccoli in your garden. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that can take a bit of practice to grow successfully but is well worth it when you do. Broccoli is part of the Cole Crop family, which also includes cabbage, kohlrabi, kale and more. Depending on the type of broccoli and weather, the florets typically reach harvest … Broccoli planting and harvesting is sometimes a bit tricky, but there are a few signs you can look for that will tell you if your broccoli is ready to be harvested. From the head, you can harvest the little florets that you often find frozen or steamed at your local grocery store. Sign up for our newsletter. Broccoli is rich in dietary fiber, Vitamin C and Vitamin K, and has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory benefits. How to harvest broccoli. The key to harvesting your crop is knowing the right time to pick the heads. Growing Tips . If you do opt to harvest broccoli in flower, consider cooking it like you might flowering kale or mustard greens because it will be stronger than younger broccoli would be. If your plant is flowering, you can still harvest it as the flowers are edible, and can be used in a variety of soup, salad or stir-fry recipes. Harvest broccoli when the buds are still tightly closed, and the broccoli head measures about 6 to 12 inches across, notes Utah State University Extension. If it starts turning yellow, then harvest it immediately, as it is the sign of bolting. If you grow broccoli in a backyard garden and are able to keep it growing well throughout the summer, maybe now you are seeing broccoli … Besides when to plant broccoli for fall harvest, you also have to know how to grow fall broccoli successfully. Watch for flower buds. Sprouting broccoli has a different growth habit than its cousin. or more below the head, then remove the head off with a … Growing sprouting broccoli. The head should be firm, sturdy, and must have grown at least 4-8 inches wide. Broccoli raab is a fast-growing cool weather plant that is typically ready for harvest in just 45 days, depending on the variety. Harvest the central head of the broccoli once it is a decent size. The word broccoli means “the flowering crest of a cabbage” and resembles cauliflower, a different group of the same plant species. Head Size – The broccoli head typically will get to be 4 to 7 inches (10 to 18 cm.) How to plant broccoli; Plant families: Brassicaceae; How to grow purple-sprouting broccoli Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. How to Harvest Broccoli Heads. If you leave the plant in new, smaller heads will appear in a few weeks below the first one and continue to sprout for the rest of the season. Planting Broccoli. Broccoli is a slow-growing plant, so it needs plenty of nutrients to grow over a 90-110 day period. When To Harvest Broccoli – Planting broccoli is an interesting thing for garden lovers. Your broccoli will be ready to harvest in between 50-80 days depending on the variety. Has a Head – The first sign as to when to harvest broccoli is the most obvious; you have to have the initial head. If you live in a warm climate, consider spring-planting broccoli in partial shade to keep the broccoli from bolting, or going to seed when it gets warmer. The harvest season for broccoli is also dependent on the variety you choose. Don’t worry if the head isn’t as tightly packed as store-bought broccoli. ; Cut heads from the plant, taking at least 6 inches of stem. In general, expect to harvest broccoli about 55 to 60 days after planting. When To Harvest Broccoli – Planting broccoli is an interesting thing for garden lovers. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Harvest Tips. Most verities of broccoli have side offshoots and further keep growing broccoli even after you harvest … Harvest your eating broccoli as normal, but leave seed broccoli alone to turn yellow. Always harvest broccoli during the cool, morning hours. Fertilise regularly after the main head has been harvested to encourage new growth. The florets are ready for harvest 10 to 13 weeks after sowing and plants produce buds for 6 to 8 weeks. Side shoots will continue growing after the main head is harvested. Feel for firmness, and harvest before the buds loosen. wide when it is time to harvest broccoli, but don’t go on size alone. Cut it off with a sharp knife at an angle to a 4-6 inch stem, be sure to leave some leaves on the stalk, as many types will then produce side shoots from the leaf axis. When to Plant. Once it starts flowering the taste will deteriorate very fast. Broccoli plants don’t suddenly turn a unique color or pop up a sign that says “we’re ready.”Deciding that it’s time to harvest is a bit tricky, but there are a few signs to watch that let you know your broccoli is ready to harvest. Harvest the central head of the broccoli once it is a decent size. Let the seed pods dry on the plant outside. Try to make the cut in one motion to avoid tearing the stalk. Broccoli is ready to be harvested 50-100 days after it has been planted, depending on the variety. Let’s say you have carefully monitored your plants through the season, watching for pests and disease, weeding, and taking measures to avoid bolting. Harvest broccoli when the main head is 3 to 6 inches in diameter, and the flower buds are still tightly closed. Once it is harvested the side shoots will start to grow. Fertilise regularly after the main head has been harvested to encourage new growth. The main concern would be having growing channels large enough for broccoli roots and supporting the system–the growing channels–because broccoli plants, like cabbage, can get … This is the best window to harvest broccoli, after flowers are open taste begins to decline. Cut the broccoli head stem 5 inches (12.5 cm.) Small side shoots like miniature heads of broccoli will sprout from the leaf junctions, and can be harvested in about 2 weeks. As previously mentioned, the best part of growing broccoli is harvesting its delicious and nutrient-dense “heads,” or the finely grained, nubby tops of the plant. Broccoli flowers can also be harvested to dry the seeds for replanting, or left to grow for bees and other pollinator insects to enjoy, All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, Wear gloves when harvesting to protect your hands and be careful when handling sharp gardening tools, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Harvest broccoli right away if it starts to flower or turn yellow. Time broccoli planting so harvest happens in a cool time of the year. Since it doesn’t have to be transported anywhere, it can be harvested at a later stage. Broccoli is a moderately heavy feeder, so work in 2 to 4 inches of rich compost or a thin layer of well-aged manure before planting. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. How to Grow Broccoli. A 4- to 7-inch tight head with large, dense flower buds is the desired size for harvesting broccoli heads. Cut off the head before you pull out the root, otherwise you could end up with dirt all through the head! Leave the rest of the broccoli growing … Harvest the broccoli immediately if this happens. Start with the central stem and then move on to harvest the side shoots. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that bolts in hot, dry weather. You can get several harvests throughout the season by following this process, and side shoots will take longer to bolt/flower. Soil: Broccoli prefers a neutral soil pH, right around 7.0.A rich soil, with lots of organic matter, will keep it growing strong throughout the season. Broccoli Plant Side Shoots – Best Broccoli For Side Shoot Harvesting, How To Grow Broccoli – Growing Broccoli In Your Garden, Broccoli Not Forming Heads: Reasons Why My Broccoli Has No Head, Living Wall Kit Info – How To Grow A Living Wall Kit, Holiday Plant History – Why Do We Have Christmas Plants, What’s Wrong With My Clivia: Diagnosing Problems With Clivia Plants, Gardening Laws And Ordinances – Common Garden Laws, How To Grow Carrots – Growing Carrots In The Garden, Growing Beets – How To Grow Beets In The Garden, Rotating Vegetables: Home Garden Crop Rotation, Handmade Ornaments – Holiday Ornaments Crafted From Nature, Garden Sanctuary: Using The Garden To Help Make A Difference, Growing Herbs Is Easy: Making And Gifting Herb Gardens, Pea Patch Volunteering: Community Gardens Keep Giving. Keep a keen eye on plants, however, as they bolt extremely quick. When to Harvest Broccoli. Harvest when the heads are still green and compact (they’re too old once they turn yellowish with flowers starting to open). Avoid using any dull cutting tool as this can damage the heads. It would be helpful to mark this time in your calendar so you can prepare for your harvest in the days leading up to it. Harvest the broccoli when the diameter of the main head has stopped growing and looks tightly clustered with tiny buds. Broccoli would have to be one of my favourite plants to grow.. It’s a bit easier to explain with broccoli – and I have a bunch in my garden right now so I can show what I’m describing – so I’ll use that example, but everything I’m about to say holds true for both vegetables. Broccoli rabe harvest occurs when plants are 1 to 2 feet tall, and flower buds have just begun to appear. You have to cut the buds when they are tight and green in color. But if you want to try harvesting them in somewhat warmer weather, select a variety that can tolerate that. By looking at the size of the florets, you can tell when these side shoots are ready for harvest. Broccoli, like its fellow cole crops of the Brassica oleracea family, cauliflower, kohlrabi, kale, and Brussels sprouts, is known for its nutrition-packed florets and sweet stems. Try to avoid sawing at the stem as this may cause unnecessary damage to the plant and ruin your chances for side harvesting later. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Once you harvest the main head of a broccoli plant, it will often keep producing smaller … They’ll be ready for a … When to Harvest Broccoli. They do not freeze well so just be sure to harvest when you want to eat them. Harvest the smaller, younger leaves of the broccoli plant to mix with other leafy greens in a raw salad, as the smaller leaves are the most tender and have a milder flavor than the larger, more mature leaves of the plant. Broccoli heads are clusters of flowers. Side shoots will continue growing after the main head is harvested. Before you plant your broccoli into the garden beds, make sure you work in plenty of rotted manure or compost to add the nutrients needed. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Once you pick what varieties of broccoli you want to grow, it’s time to start planning and planting. Broccoli is worth growing for its nutritional content alone. It is important to harvest broccoli early in the morning before it heats up. Feel the seed pods for dryness when they start to turn more of a golden brown color. The head of the broccoli should be tightly put together when you harvest. Cut on a … Broccoli varieties which form dense heads are ready for harvest when the head is full, firm, and dark green but before the head starts to flower, split, or turn yellow. Here’s how you harvest broccoli: Look at the Head. Broccoli heads are clusters of flowers. Broccoli is somewhat of a factory plant like kale and collards, which keep … Next, clip the side shoots. The ideal time to harvest broccoli is when the head is fully mature but the flowers on the plant have not yet opened. Harvesting Your Broccoli. Mark your calendar. % of people told us that this article helped them. When to remove brocolli plants. How to Harvest Broccoli. Broccoli grown in the fall is often larger than broccoli grown in the spring, especially if it is a particularly hot spring. It is a fast-growing and easy-to-grow crop, producing bluish-green heads that are harvested in the summer or autumn, depending on the time it is sown. I usually harvest in the morning when the buds are still tight and lush. The first crop will be the central flower head, which resembles a green cauliflower. Cut the broccoli head stem 5 inches (12.5 cm.) After The Harvest If you were a commercial market grower, after you cut the head off all your broccoli plants (at more or less the same time because labor … Using a pair of clean and sharp garden shears, cut the stem 5 inches below the bud. Broccoli is a hardy, cool-season vegetables bringing colorful green nutrients to the table. To figure out when to harvest, it helps to know a little about what you are actually eating when you eat broccoli or cauliflower. The head should be firm and tight. Make sure to harvest 6 to 8 inches below the head and take stem with it. As with all brassicas, consider growing broccoli in a mesh cage to protect from cabbage white caterpillars. Broccoli. These will grow like tiny heads to the side of where the main head was. Field-packed broccoli should be brought to the cooling facility promptly. I am in Southern California. Broccoli grown from seed can take 100 to 150 days to harvest. Watch the growth of the broccoli carefully and harvest them when they reach 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) wide. Look for closed flower heads; yellow flowers mean the quality clock is already counting down, so harvest immediately. Harvest broccoli right away if it starts to flower or turn yellow. Using a sharp knife, remove the main broccoli head, taking about 6 inches of the stem. Here are some extra tips you may want to follow when preparing to plant during the colder season: Broccoli seeds germinate well in soil temperatures as low as 4 degrees C, though warmer soil is best, which speeds its development. Broccoli grows in USDA zones 3-10. The perfect time to harvest is right before the broccoli flowers. Make sure to cut these shoots at an angle and leave an inch of the stalk, as they can continue to grow and be harvested again for several months. Eat your broccoli: These are some of the recipes we enjoy with our home grown broccoli harvests. You’ll find smaller florets sprouting throughout the plant. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You will know when to harvest your broccoli as it will have formed a broccoli head on top of the plant. ; If you do see yellow petals, harvest immediately, as the quality will decrease rapidly. The packet says 55 to 60 days, but I live in Maine, things take a bit longer. By using our site, you agree to our. From Seed to Harvest: A beginner’s guide to growing broccoli. Make sure the florets are small and green and haven’t started flowering yet, and that the central head is about 4-6 inches in diameter. When your broccoli head is ready to harvest, use a sharp knife and cut the head of the broccoli off the plant. Tip: Harvest when the head is still tight and … Broccoli thrives in cool or moderate climates and can be sown in the field directly or grown with transplants. Make sure to choose a broccoli variety that suits the conditions and location of your garden. Once the yellow flowers start to appear, harvest the broccoli heads immediately. Make sure your tools are clean and sharp enough to cut through without tearing the broccoli stalks. At summer harvest temperatures, quality can decline substantially in as little as an hour. A sharp knife is a decent tool to use when harvesting your broccoli … It isn’t just the broccoli heads that make for good eating, broccoli leaves can also be used in salads or as wraps. Harvest broccoli when the heads are still tight, once they start spreading they lose flavour. Place them in well-drained soil that receives at least eight hours of sun per day. Use the same technique to harvest these: touch and sight. The head that forms will be compact and tight on the broccoli. Time broccoli planting so harvest happens in a cool … We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. This cole crop is rich in vitamins and minerals, and is a good source of Vitamin A, potassium, folic acid, iron, and fiber. When the florets on the outside edge of the head get to be the size of the head of a match, then you can start harvesting broccoli from that plant. The harvest season for broccoli is also dependent on the variety you choose. Side shoots. Broccoli is a moderately heavy feeder, so work in 2 to 4 inches of rich compost or a thin layer of well-aged manure before planting. When harvested in cooler temperatures, broccoli tends to have a better taste . When to harvest broccoli. The size of mature heads depends on the variety and varies between 4 inches (10.2 cm) and 8 inches (20.3 cm) in diameter. Submitted by Beth Walsh on February 28, 2018 - 9:07pm. How to Harvest broccoli to get more from your plants Hi Folks. 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